It's official! My book has a place on the web.
The link to view the cover, read the notes on the author,
read a few excerpts and purchase, if that pleases you is
Trafford Publishing

~THE KREMLIN~

I believe, it was four times that I tried to get into the Kremlin. It's all a blur now. On my first attempt to find it, I couldn't. Well I did, but I didn't know what I was looking at. I was, in fact, across the street from it. The second attempt I didn't realize the rules and procedures for entry, and was too stubborn or cheap the pay a guide. Attempt three, I found out what the requirements were, but didn't have enough money on me to pay the deposit on the voice guide recorder. By this time I had given up. I would leave Moscow without visiting the Kremlin. Until!
Until I discovered that a whole days worth of photos covering St. Basil Cathedral, Red Square and the exterior of the Kremlin were missing. I must have not downloaded them to my laptop before deleting them from my camera. So, I metroed back downtown to photograph both. This time I resolved to enter no matter the cost.
As it turned out I found a guide, who was about $10 less than other guides, who had approached me in the past. So below you will find the results of my tour of the Kremlin.
Kremlin means fortress or fort in Russian. The country has many in the larger cities. Even some 1000 year old kremlins are still in existence. I hope to see one or two on my next visit. Yes, I hope to go back. The country is much too large and too interesting to see in less than a month.
Now on with the show.





These photos are of the Trinity Gate tower, built in 1495, the tourist entrance to Kremlin. This is the tallest at 80 meters of the towers of the Kremlin. The first photo was taken from the outside on the entrance ramp going in. The second was taken from inside the Kremlin. Finally!

Inside a military reminder, 800+ French cannons captured
during the war of 1812

Perhaps the most photographed group of domes in Russia on
the Upper Cathedral of our Savior

President Putin's office is here

The Russian Senate building

Ornate bronze sculptures

Ancient painted icons on the Assumption Cathedral


Then there was this guy, the Tsar's cannon. It's interesting that the large cannon balls were placed there for photographic reasons. This cannon fired shot not unlike musket balls. They would scatter widely like a shot gun when fired. Many times the gun didn't even need to be fired at all. When an attacker saw it being brought forward, they usually turned and ran.
The carriage was also built for presentation. You can see the handles on the sides, which allowed the cannon to be carried by eight very strong men. It was fired from a wooden frame.

Cathedral of the Assumption (Dormition)

Church of the Twelve Apostles

Another view of the Asumption Cathedral

VIP day at the Kremlin


My tour guide, Danila Petrov, in the red jacket near the Tsar's bell. The bell weighs 202 tons, is 22 feet in diameter and 20 feet tall, and was cast in 1730 for Anna Ivanovna using the remains of a broken bell of Alexei Mikhailovich, but this one broke, also before being rung, in the terrible fire of 1737 that destroyed most of Moscow. In fact it was still in its casting pit when cold water from the firefighting hit and cooled one section. It was not raised from the pit until 1836, when it was placed on the pedestal designed by Montferrand. The surface is covered with bas-reliefs including Anna Ivanovna (above) and Alexei Mikhailovich.

Tourists touching the bell

The dislodged piece weighs about 11 tons


The Church of the Annunciation (left) was formerly the private chapel of tsars and princes. It boasts nine golden domes and frescoes depicting the Apocalypse. The Patriarch's Palace with the Church of Twelve Apostles. (right)


A couple of entrances to the cathedrals showing the exterior icons, which tell a story of the patron of the church.

The Upper Saviour's Cathedral and Terem Churches

The Iconostasis tells the entire bible story
Upper Cathedral of our Savior, or Church beyond the golden lattice. It was the tsar's family private chapel.

The Ivan III bell tower (tallest)

The bible story is told in four layers
The Ivan the Great Bell Tower, on the Northeast corner of the Cathedral Square, is said to mark the exact center of Moscow. In addition to the main belfry, the Ivan the Great Bell Tower consists of the smaller domed Bono Tower, and the steepled tower of the Patriarch Philaret, both added to the original 16th Century structure.
The most prominent feature of an Orthodox church is the Iconostasis, consisting of one or more rows of Icons and broken by a set of doors in the center (the Holy Doors) and a door at each side (the Deacon's Doors).



The pews. There were no pews for the "ordinary" worshipers in these old churches. Everyone stood through services, except for the Tsar, his wife, the Tsarina, and the Patriarch or Bishop. These pews from left to right belonged to the Tsarina, the Church Patriarch, and the Tsar, the Mononachov Throne dates from the 16th century.

The oldest icon in the Kremlin, St. George

The golden doorway to the sacristy

A view of the church Iconostasis

The priests choir, great voices


A couple of views over the Moscow River from inside the Kremlin

The Michael the Archangel Cathedral

The Kremlin Palace

The Borovitskaya Tower. Now it was time to leave, and this was the way
out, through the arch down the hill under the tower. A short walk around
to the right, and I would be in Red Square, which happens to be the next page in this series.


Music is "The 1812 Overture"
by Tchaikovsky

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