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~St. Basil's Cathedral~

The photos for Red Square and St. Basil's were among those lost due to my deleting before saving. So I was given the opportunity to try the Kremlin again, and as you saw on the previous page, I gained entrance. Some of the photos below were actually taken in Aleksandrovski Square which is adjacent to Red Square and separated by The State Historical Museum. And the double headed eagle photo was probably taken inside the Kremlin.

Field-Marshal Zhukov

Crushing Nazi symbols

And the Prussian eagle

Four horses in a fountain in Aleksandrovski Garden
In medieval times the Neglinniya river flowed past the Kremlin here and formed one side of the moat. The Neglinna river was put into an underground conduit in 1816-20.

One entrance to Red Square

The double headed eagle of Russia

The State Historical Museum front

And the back from Red Square
State Historical Museum. The building was constructed in 1874-83. It follows 17th century Russian style. It has 300,000 exibits in 40 halls.

This is Red Square, St. Basils on the left and the Kremlin wall from center to right. The Clock tower is the Spaski (Savior) tower.
The Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God just inside the square near The Resurrrection Gate.

A small shrine near the entrance

A tiled Kremlin tower

Behind Lenin's tomb is a cemetary where Yuri Gagarin and
other heroes are buried

The state department store, GUM, faces onto the square and
Lenin's tomb

The main entrance to GUM

An Icon over the entrance

Two more towers of the Kremlin. I think it's the Arsenal Tower on left, and the St. Nicholas (I know) tower on the right.

Interesting building across the Moscow River

The Hotel Russia, when built the world's largest

WWII Monument with Captain of the Guard

Tomb of their Unknown Soldier

The rebuilt Resurrection Arch to Red Square

Some reconstruction near the Kremlin wall
Gate of the Resurrection, the former entrance gate to Red Square through Kitai Gorod that was torn down by Stalin in the 1930's and recently reconstructed. It was destroyed by Stalin so his military parades could pass through here into Red Square. It was rebuilt in 1990's.
The Grotto in the Middle Arsenal Tower of the Kremlin wall in the Aleksandrovski Garden. It is presently under reconstuction.

St. Basil's Cathedral

St. Basil's true name is Cathedral of the Protecting Veil of the Holy Virgin (Sobor Pokrova Bozhiye materi chto po Rvy u Frolovskikh vorot, literally on the moat at the gate) It was built in 1555-60 on order of Ivan IV to commemorate the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. Ivan's first idea, of eight individual churches, each to commemorate an important feast day, didn't turn out to his liking so he tore them down. Then Postnik Yakovlev designed a single edifice comprised of seven individual chapels surrounding a larger central one. He then added an eighth small one for symmetry. The central tent roof is 151 feet high and was named for the Protecting Veil because the final successful assault on Kazan occured on that feast day, October first. In 1568 a chapel was built into the outer wall over the grave of St Vassili Blazhennii and that is the origin of the popular title - St Basil's cathedral.
Source: John Sloan and Micha Jelasavcic

Memorial statue

The tourist entrance (un-remodled)
Memorial statue of Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitri Mikhailovich Pozharski, the leaders of the army that recaptured Moscow and the Kremlin from the Polish invaders during the Time of Troubles (1598-1613). It has gone down in history not only for its artistic merits but also as Moscow's first sculptural monument.
The death of Tsar Fedor, son of Ivan IV the Terrible, in 1598, the last member of the Riurikid Dynasty in Russia, ushered in a time of wrenching civil strive, famine, and foreign invasion known as the "Time of Troubles". More than a decade of near anarchy ensued, in which pretenders to the throne seized power by harnessing popular discontent, while Poland and Sweden sought to expand territories at Muscovy's expense. These foreign invasions served to galvanize Muscovite society, leading to a defense of the homeland. In 1613, a new dynasty--the Romanov--was selected to rule Muscovy. Mikhail Romanov became the first member of Russia's second (and last) dynasty

Ancient murals

And Icons


And dark hallways

Old steep and twisting stairways

The exit stairway

Glass encased so people won't touch

Hand painted walls

The darkened areas in this hallway are from oils left by people touching. The photo on the right is the other end of this passageway.

One of the eight chapels

What's behind the green door? It's kept locked

A couple of more examples of the intricate hand painted walls

The side of St. Basils facing the Moscow River

Scaffolding for the reconstruction

A close up from the GUM

A restored area
On my first visit I took a couple of photos of men working on the church, but they weren't there this day. I saw them sanding individual bricks by hand so they wouldn't destroy any areas of the exterior. Carol told me that they were working on the reconstruction in 1999 when she arrived in Moscow. I believe, it's a seven year project.

Two more views that allow you to see all the "onion" domes. I think there are nine on the church proper and the one tower over the grave of St. Basil.

Music is "Troika Drive"
by Tchaikovsky

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