~Fort Pulaski, Georgia~

Fort Pulaski was built between 1829 and 1848 in order to protect the Port of Savannah from enemy navies. Twenty-five million bricks were needed for the construction at a cost of $1,000,000. The fort was deemed impenetrable.
"Fort Pulaski, built by the U.S. Army before the war, is located near the mouth of the Savannah River, blocking upriver access to Savannah. Fortifications such as Pulaski, were considered invincible, but the new technology of rifled artillery changed that.
"The defining events of Fort Pulaski occurred during the American Civil War. In April of 1862, Union troops directed rifled cannon fire at the fort breaching the southeast angle. The quick success of this experimental cannon surprised military strategists worldwide. The accuracy and range of the rifled cannon rendered brick fortifications obsolete. Immediately after capturing the fort, Union Major General David Hunter, an ardent abolitionist, ordered the release of area slaves. Many were recruited into the Union army comprising the First South Carolina Colored Regiment."
Source: National Park Service.
During the siege, which lasted thirty-one hours 5,275 rifled cannonballs were fired at the walls of the fort. When the southeast corner was breeched and cannon fire came close to the fort's powder magazine in the northwest corner, the fort was surrendered. The results of this battle would change the way fortifications were built and the way wars were fought.

Fort Pulaski Entrance behind the mounded triangle

And inside the fort

This is the front wall of the fort. Entrance is gained by crossing the drawbridge across the moat. I walked around the perimeter of the fort starting at the photo on the left, and took the following shots.

The west wall looking back to where I took the first photo and a cannon casement. The fort housed 146 cannons, some on the parapet atop the seven-and-a-half-foot-wide walls and others in casemates like this one.

Upon reaching this corner I began to see the effects of the rifled cannon shot on the walls. Each penetrated the wall by 18 or 20 inches and some are still in the walls.

This is the southeast corner that was breeched. The red bricks show the restoration of the fort.

The two men in the photo on the right were Russian tourists visiting Fort Pulaski.

This is the handle to the underground floodgate, which allowed water from the Savannah River into the moat. On the right is a drawbridge to the triangle, a mounded area which protected the entrance.

This is the main entrance with its drawbridge. On the right is my first look inside. Along this front wall were the offices and quarters.
This series of photos are of the internal perimeter of the fort. First and last are of the front wall, and those in between show cannon casements and storage rooms along with enlisted quarters.

Back around to the front

This is Officer's Quarters

Officers Mess

More Officers quarters

This is the Commanding Officers Quarters.

Two gun casements showing the aiming rails.

A corner casement showing the intersecting aiming rails. On the right is a hospital room.

A stairway to the top of the wall. The frame was used to relocate cannon parts and barrels.

A room where cannon parts were stored. The cannons were pulled back from firing positions to reload. In order to aim them the whole frame was lifted and repositioned along the aiming rails. Not an easy job.

A tribute to Florence Martus, The Waving Girl

Music is "The 1812 Overture" (Excerpt)
by Tchaikovsky

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