~ Acadia National Park ~

Acadia was the first national park east of the Mississippi River and was 0riginally created as Lafayette National Park in 1919, it was renamed Acadia in 1929. People have been drawn to the rugged coast of Maine throughout history. Awed by its beauty and diversity, early 20th-century visionaries donated the land that became Acadia National Park. The park is home to many plants and animals, and the tallest mountain on the U.S. Atlantic coast. Today visitors come to Acadia to hike granite peaks, bike historic carriage roads, or relax and enjoy the scenery.

The striking scenery and diverse resources of Mount Desert Island have attracted people for thousands of years. The first inhabitants, Native Americans, came here more than 5,000 years ago, and were followed by the French and English. By the 1800s, settlers were arriving in large numbers to engage in fishing, shipbuilding, farming, and lumbering.

Native American peoples have inhabited the land we now call Maine for 12,000 years. Today, four distinct tribes, the Maliseet, Micmac, Passamaquoddy and Penobscot, are known collectively as the Wabanaki, or "People of the Dawnland."

Mount Desert Island and Acadia National Park have remained in the center of Wabanaki traditional homelands for thousands of years. Long before Europeans arrived, the Wabanaki traveled here in seaworthy birchbark canoes. Setting up temporary camps near places like Somes Sound, they hunted, fished, gathered berries, harvested clams, and traded with other Wabanaki. Some called Mount Desert Island "Pemetic," meaning "range of mountains."

Today, each tribe has a reservation and government headquarters located within their territories throughout Maine. Still, Wabanaki people have a unique and spiritual relationship with this land, from the first rays of dawn seen from Cadillac Mountain to the last light of dusk slipping behind Bar Island. Many Wabanaki people today come for much the same reasons as others, to hike the mountain trails and enjoy the striking scenery. Yet some still come to gather precious sweetgrass, sell handmade baskets, and to show respect for this sacred landscape, as their ancestors did for thousands of years.

Maine's Costal Mountains

Two views of one of many mountain lakes in Acadia

The park includes mountains, an ocean shoreline, woodlands, and lakes. In addition to Mount Desert Island, the park comprises much of the Isle au Haut, parts of Baker Island, and a portion of the Schoodic Peninsula on the mainland.
In total, Acadia National Park consists of more than 47,000 acres, including 30,300 acres on Mount Desert Island, 2,728 acres on Isle au Haut and 2,366 acres on the Schoodic Peninsula. The permanent park boundary, as established by act of Congress in 1986, includes a number of private in-holdings that the park is attempting to acquire.

Frenchman Bay

Frenchman Bay with a cruise ship anchored off Bar Harbor

The cruise ship Maasdam, which is of Netherland registry and run by Netherland America Lines (NAL). It runs cruises from Boston, MA to Quebec City, Quebec. The ship was chistened by actress June Allyson in 1993.

On the left is Bar Harbor. Those dots on the water are boats of various sizes in the harbor. That would be Arvie up on the hill.

Unlike Inukshuks, which are left by travelers to leave a sign of their having been there, these Cairns are stone markers to guide hikers and keep them on the trails. Inukshuks are prohibited in Acadia in order to not confuse the hikers.

People hiking and people driving

This one seems to have been modified

Cadillac Mountain

Cadillac Mountain, named after the French Antonie de Cadillac Explorer of the same name, is on the eastern side of the island. Its green lichen-covered, pink granite summit is, because of a combination of its eastern location and height, one of the first places in the United States to see the sunrise.

A view from the top

Those little lines sticking up along the ridgeline were people

U.S. Geological Survey Benchmark

Me standing on the marker

And another mountaintop view

Another view of Frenchman Bay

Left is another mountain lake. On the right is a small waterfall I encountered.

It is really beautiful up there

On the left is a shot of Gypsy displaying the kinds of roads in Acadia. On the right is a photo of the road.

Another mountain lake

The Coast

People venturing out on the coastal rocks. It's a long way to the bottom.

There are some sandy beaches. This one is named Sandy Beach.

The majestic 110 foot high Otter Cliff, one of the highest headlands north of Rio de Janeiro.

Catman fishes and so do the loons

More rugged coast

Another mountain lake and an inlet

The Fire of 1947: Beginning on October 17, 1947, 10,000 acres (40 km2) of Acadia National Park were burned in a fire that began along the Crooked Road several miles west of Hulls Cove. The forest fire was one of a series of fires that consumed much of Maine's forest as a result of a dry year. The fire burned until November 14, and was fought by the Coast Guard, Army, Navy, local residents, and National Park Service employees from around the country. Restoration of the park was supported, substantially, by the Rockefeller family. Regrowth was mostly allowed to occur naturally and the fire has been suggested to have actually enhanced the beauty of the park, adding diversity to tree populations and depth to its scenery.

In 1999, The Schooner Margaret Todd replaced her predecessor the Natalie Todd, which sailed from Bar Harbor for so many years. This unique, 151 foot, four-masted schooner was conceived and designed by her owner, Captain Steven Pagels. Named after Capt. Pagels' grandmother, the Margaret Todd was built over a two year period by the Schreiber Boatyard in St. Augustine, Florida, and was launched on April 11, 1998. The Margaret Todd offers 1-1/2 hour to 2 hour windjammer cruises in Frenchman Bay with great views of the Downeast Coast.
Statistics: Overall Length, 151' Hull length, 121' Beam, 23' Displacement, 150 tons.

A part of Bar Harbor, Maine and Frenchman Bay

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